The spreadsheet-based snow model ESCIMO.spread has been extended by a canopy submodel. This newly developed version referred to as ESCIMO.spread (v2) modifies meteorological observations observed outside a forest stand for canopy effects and calculates the snow cover evolution for inside-canopy conditions. The model can be downloaded together with sample meteorological observations and snow observations for model validation in the model section of the AHC website. The respective manuscript describing this further development is currently in review.
The AHC team is currently preparing the setup of an innovative low-cost snow/climate monitoring network in the Brixenbachtal catchment (Tyrol, Austria, see picture below). The installed SnoMoS (Snow Monitoring System) has ben developed by colleagues from the Chair of Hydrology at University Freiburg (Prof. Weiler, Dr. Pohl) and will be used for continuous measurement of snow and meteorological conditions in- and outside the forest canopy in the framework of the
Catchment of the Brixenbach with view towards Brixen im Thale (elevation 820 – 1900 m.a.s.l.).
Within a student practical a pressure sonde has been installed at Hochjochbach (Tyrol, Austria) to continuously record changes in water level near the outlet of glacier Hochjochferner. This initiative is part of a continuous effort to further equip the ‘Research Platform Rofental’ for a long term monitoring of hydroclimatological conditions.
Installation of a pressure sonde for continuous monitoring of the water level at Hochjochbach.
The project HydroGeM3 (Hydrological scenarios in the Austrian Alps for the next century using a statistical weather generator and enhanced process understanding for modelling of seasonal snow and glacier melt for improved water resources management) has been approved for funding by the Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW). The project will start in January 2015 and aims at analyzing changes in future water availability (with focus on snow and ice melt contributions to runoff) and water demand in the two study regions Ötztal (Tyrol, Austria) and Lütschine (Berner Oberland, Schwitzerland).
Dr. Kristian Förster has joined the AHC team in Innsbruck in January 2014. Kristian is an expert in hydrological modeling and has just finished his PhD at the Department of Hydrology, Water Management and Water Protection situated at the Leichtweiss Institute for Hydraulics and Water Resources, University of Braunschweig (Lower Saxony, Germany). His main research focus is in the investigation of climate change impacts on water balance components and flood frequency as well as in the detailed simulation of snow processes in hydrological models. A warm welcome from the whole AHC team! Since March 2014 Kristian is working at the alpS Centre for Climate Change Adaptation (Innsbruck, Austria), where he is contributing to the alpS projects HoPI III and MUSICALS II.
The inter- and transdisciplinary research project STELLA (STorylines of coupled socio-Economic and cLimatic drivers for Land use and their hydrological impacts in Alpine catchments) has been approved for funding by the Austrian Climate Research Programme (ACRP) at the end of 2013. STELLA aims at providing a decision support for stakeholders dealing with land use planning and flood prevention by investigating the hydrological impacts of changing climatic conditions and socio-economic patterns. Storylines of coupled socio-economic and climatic drivers resulting in land use patterns will be developed considering the global assumptions of the IPCC RCPs as well as potential regional peculiarities.
We welcome Cornelia Reinharter as a new member in the AHC team. Cornelia has studied Atmospheric Sciences at the ETH in Zurich (Switzerland) and is now working on a project proposal for her PHD in Innsbruck. Thematically, Cornelia will be working in the field of Arctic hydrology by setting forth previous work carried out to describe the mass and energy balance of Freya glacier (NE-Greenland) in a physically based hydrological model.
A climate station recording various meteorological variables (temperature, humidity, incoming/outgoing long- and shortwave radiation, precipitation, wind speed, wind direction) has been mounted in 2919 m a.m.s.l. in the vicinity of Hochjochferner (Tyrol, Austria). The installation has been carried out by members of the AHC team in the framework of a student training and represents a first step towards a high density climate monitoring network for hydrological and glaciological studies in the region. The installation of further stations will be part of a cooperative research effort currently initialized by the Institute of Geography and the Institute of Meteorology at the University of Innsbruck.
Climate station installed in 2919 m a.m.s.l. in the vicinity of Hochjochferner (Tyrol, Austria).
A new strategic cooperation between AHC and the OSUG (Observatoire des Sciences de l’Univers de Grenoble (France), www.osug.fr) has been initiated. Sharing interests in Alpine Hydroclimatology, the research groups at the Universities in Innsbruck (Austria) and Grenoble (France) will foster cooperation on a scientific and educational level, manifesting in a mutual exchange of scientists, common projects and joint student courses at both locations.