touRES – Resilience of tourism systems to natural hazards in the Himalayas

Mountain regions are good examples of complex social-ecological systems as they have remained highly vulnerable to natural hazards due to their active bio- and geophysical environment intensified human use and poor hazard prevention and management. The Himalayan region is one of the most popular tourist destinations worldwide with nature-based tourism in parks and protected areas being the most important tourism sector. But nature-based tourism in the Himalayas is challenged by a number of natural hazard processes with often vague future dynamics under conditions of global climate change. Thus, being able to anticipate, proactively cope with and recover from these hazard processes finally represents a major step towards sustainable mountain development. The overall goal of our project is to a) identify the resilience of tourism enterprises to natural hazards in mountain regions based on two case studies in Nepal and b) to provide future development paths for tourism enterprises to enhance their resilience. The two case study regions –Annapurna Conservation Area and Sagarmatha National Park and Buffer Zone – belong to different IUCN protected areas. Anticipated scientific results of the project include the use of social-ecological network analysis in tourism systems; the development of local event and effect portfolios of past and future natural hazards and institutional constraints/options for coping with these hazard portfolios; the establishment of a conceptual framework of tourism enterprises’ resilience; and the development of a method for classifying tourism enterprises based on their resilience to natural hazards. Also, the project provides practical relevance by building local event and effect portfolios of future natural hazards. These portfolios form the basis for a participatory evaluation of potential development paths for improving tourism enterprises’ resilience to natural hazards. Funding Authority: Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW) Duration: 01.04.2017 – 31.03.2020 Contact: News MOBGETOU: The Role of Mobility in Health-Oriented Tourism This project aims to investigate the relationship between health issues and mobility patterns of holidaymakers within a tourism region. Using three model regions in the provinve of Tyrol (Austria), tourists’ mobility and well-being will be analysed in order to provide the basis for improving tourism offers. Tourists’ mobility in the destination not only comprisestransport to/from a point of interest, but also includes sports and exercise offers. The project consists of the following research questions: 1. What are the relationships between arrival/departure to/from the destination and mobility within the destination? Which modes of transport are used? 2. What are the motives behind the choice of transport mode? What is the role of well-being and health aspects? 3. What is the impact of the mode of transport on subjective well-being and health? 4. To what extent do habits and patterns of everyday mobility form the mobility patterns of tourists in a destination? 5. How does sporting activity during a holiday differ from everyday life? Funding Authority: Province of Tyrol Project Partners: University of Innsbruck (Department of Sport Science, Institute of Public Finance, Institute of Infrastructure Engineering), UMIT (Institute of Psychology and Medical Sciences) Duration: 01.07.2016 – 30.06.2017 Contact: CCSBD-AT: Climate Change Impacts on Skier Behaviour and Spatial Distribution of Skiers in Austria CCSBD-AT aims at assessing potential behavioural changes of skiers due to climate change and consequences for spatial distribution of skiers. A georeferenced agent-based model (ABM) will be coupled with a snow model to simulate the impact of changing snow reliability of ski areas on the behaviour and spatial distribution of skiers in Austria. Survey data will be used to define the rules of the ABM, skier visits data will be used to validate the results of the coupled model. Different climate change and adaptation scenarios will be used to analyse diverse integrated effects at a regional scale. The expected results can provide a more solid base for planning tourism regions (e.g. positioning, long-term investment plans) and spatial planning in the public sector. Funding Authority: Austrian Climate Research Programme – ACRP Project Partners: OBSA – Sustainabiliy Observatory of AndorraLogo3D4cRGB72dpi Duration: 01.08.2015 – 31.10.2017 Contact: First press release 05.12.2016 (only in German): Auch Chancen für kleine Skigebiete (Link) News Mount++: Development of a Model Region for Pioneering Energy-Efficient and Sustainable Alpine Tourism Using the Alpbach Valley as a model region, the project „Mount++“ develops, implements, and evaluates forward-looking, holistic approaches for the energy and mobility sectors of an alpine tourism destination. Energy consumption, CO2 emissions as well as energy potentials of the destination are therefore assessed and integrated within a central geodatabase. Through identifying the ecological status quo of the municipality and the integration of stakeholders, the public and guests, a process of transforming Alpbach into an energy-optimized tourism destination is being activated. Guest surveys were carried out to gain understanding of mobility behaviour and views on energy, climate change and tourism in order to build up the data basis of a GIS-tool that allows for a well based estimation of tourism transport related energy consumption and CO2 emissions. The tool also puts the key indicators into relation with the activity and accommodation parts of tourism and can model scenarios of future tourism. A research-oriented PV-system, utilizing the snow making system as a hydro power plant and data optimization for snow management are key solutions for efficiency gain and resource-optimization in the ski area. They simultaneously serve as demonstration objects to visualize and communicate project results. Funding Authority: COMET Project Partners: University of Innsbruck (Institute of Structural Engineering and Material Sciences, Institute of Infrastructure Engineering, Institute of Geography, Boku Vienna (Institute of Landscape Development, Recreation and Conservation Planning), Alpbacher Bergbahn GmbH & Co KG, Doppelmayr Seilbahnen GmbH, Kässbohrer Geländefahrzeug AG, TechnoAlpin Austria GmbH, Tourismusverband Alpbachtal Seenland Tourismus, Gemeinde Alpbach, Congress Centrum Alpbach, CSR & Medien, Standortagentur Tirol Duration: 01.04.2014 – 31.03.2017 Contact: Logo_Mount ClimTourFIT-Lower Austria:

Mountain tourism destinations in the Province of Lower Austria (Mostviertel and Wiener Alpen) are confronted with various challenges: e.g. out-migration, aging population and outdated tourism infrastructure. In addition, the struggling tourism industry, particularly snow-based tourism, is further challenged by climate variability and change.

In the first stage, potential impacts of climate change on summer and winter tourism are examined. Special emphasis is placed on the future snow-reliability of the ski areas applying SkiSim, a ski season and snowmaking simulation model. In the second stage, scenarios for future tourism will be developed taking into account both climatic and non-climatic change factors.

This will be done in close cooperation with selected stakeholders in order to come up with feasible and widely accepted adaptation strategies.

Funding Authority: COMET Project Partners: nöbbg110110_comet_logo_97 Duration: 01.05.2015 – 30.12.2016 noebbg-ohneRGB Contact: